Archive for September, 2010

How to create models for drawing the imaginary

Thursday, September 16th, 2010

One of the biggest challenges in much of my personal artwork – and that of many artists -  is that I’m painting things that exist in my imagination rather than in the outside world.  So I invent “models” from which I draw the imagined scene.

Do you paint from the real…

When I paint a portrait, I’m painting a person who exists (or existed).  When I do life drawings (the most fun drawing of all), I sketch live models who pose.

When I was a kid, I used to set up still lifes and draw them.  In school (I don’t mean art class), I used to alleviate boredom by sketching classmates When I painted landscapes, I’d go out in the country, find an appealing scene, and paint what I saw.  I might make artistic changes in the scene, but it actually existed.

You may be the kind of artist who always paints real objects from the world around you.

Mr. Pencil Shavings, by Anne Bobroff-Hajal (from ABBIE AND THE DESK DWELLERS)

… or from the imaginary?

Or you may want to paint images from your imagination.  If so, you may want to learn to invent “models” from which you can create the imagined scene.

An example of this is animated character designs I created for a screenplay I wrote, called ABBIE AND THE DESK DWELLERS.  These characters were made of detritus from kids’ school desks – pencil shavings; dirty broken crayons; gum and candy wrappers and scraps of paper; grungy old erasers and eraser dust.

How would you approach drawing these characters?

Here’s my technique, which you might have fun trying:  I did things like grinding out pencil shavings using an old-fashioned pencil sharpener.  Then I shaped the pencil shavings – or the worn crayon stubs or the battered erasers  – as closely as I could to the character I imagined.

Slo Page Reinforcements, by Anne Bobroff-Hajal (from ABBIE AND THE DESK DWELLERS)

It can be hard because in the real world, things like shavings can’t hold their shape standing up as they can in your imagination.  Yet to make the character look real, you need to draw the shavings (or whatever you’re using) from the proper angles even if in actuality they couldn’t hold those positions for more than a split second.   So it involves a lot of adjusting the objects as you continue to draw.

Have you ever created models from real world materials to draw your own vision?  If so, leave a comment about your method and how it worked.  If not, give it a try!  It’s challenging and fun to experiment with.

Reflective surfaces

Detail of reflections in protractor (from Anne Bobroff-Hajal's ABBIE AND THE DESK DWELLERS)

Notice the reflection of pencil shavings in the shiny metal of the protractor. What makes any reflective surface look real is that images of nearby objects appear on their surfaces – but not just anywhere.

I carefully set up a pencil shaving “leg” at the distance and angle from the protractor that my character’s leg was positioned.

Notice that the reflections appear in both the upright metal support of the protractor, and the curly metal extension that almost reaches the pencil eraser.   Capturing that detail is what makes the protractor look real next to a little man made of pencil shavings.

You might enjoy practicing setting up some objects next to simple reflective surfaces.  Look at them really carefully and try to replicate in your drawing exactly what you see.

Don’t bring in preconceived notions of what you think a reflection should look like – its color or shape.  Any reflective shape – like the protractor’s – distorts the appearance of the object reflected in it.  So just draw exactly the oddities you see, and you will find you’ve drawn a realistic-looking reflection in an object that looks three-dimensional.

But why bother with models?  Why not just draw from memory?

Brenda Eraser Crumbs, by Anne Bobroff-Hajal (from ABBIE AND THE DESK DWELLERS)

Why bother with the hassle of setting up models?  Don’t a lot of artists draw purely from memory?  The answer is yes, many do.

For me, though, the everyday visual world is full of such surprises that I don’t want to just repeat from memory something I’ve drawn or seen in the past.  Drawing from my memory of “what an X looks like,” by definition means I’ve developed a somewhat standardized way of seeing and drawing X.  For me – and maybe for you – there’s nothing like the magical pleasure of discovering what’s unique about the particular “X” I’m drawing at that moment, and capturing that uniqueness on paper.

Reality is infinitely variable.  If I hadn’t set up my shavings next to the protractor, for example, I might not have guessed that the reflection would appear in the very particular way it does over several surfaces of it.  Scroll back up to the protractor closeup image above.  Note how the reflection of the shavings continues down the point at the bottom of the protractor as simply a beige stripe.  Notice also how the shading of the protractor itself – the grooves down its length, the white highlight at the top of its curve, the indentation around the grommet – all these intermingle with the shavings’ reflections.  This interplay is what makes the protractor appear reflective and three-dimensional.

What if your subject is too large to set up a model?

I wish I had human models on retainer who I could call on at any time to dress up in the appropriate costumes and assume the emotions and positions I need to draw!   I have a lot of books of models in hundreds of different positions, but I don’t recommend you spend much money on these books.  It’s rare to find the exact position you need to simulate  a particular activity you want to draw.

And the books don’t include the variations that come from the emotional intent of an action.  Any action – say swinging an axe – shapes the human body differently if it’s taken, for example, in anger than if it’s taken in pleasure.

Before the web existed, I used to prowl libraries and magazines for photos that could serve as my models.  The internet has provided a new wealth of relatively easily-found photos of people doing all kinds of activities, from shooting arrows on horseback to singing arias.  Of course I’d prefer to draw from a three-dimensional reenactment.  But I’ll never have a peasant chasing a soldier on horseback with a pitchfork in front of me – or an entire Mongol battle played out before me.

Next post, I’ll provide some tips on how to find images on the web that you can use as models for drawing scenes from your imagination.

Meanwhile, for Jonathan Linton’s popular video drawing demo and commentary, go here.

For a 2-part life drawing lesson, start Part 1 here.

Bornett L. Bobroff and the invention of the roll-call voting machine

Thursday, September 9th, 2010

This post is part of a thread about the world of my grandfather in Russia and in the United States after he immigrated in 1905.  Information and photos of his other inventions in the US can be found here.  An article about his work as a very young man in Russia is here.  A group of articles about his world in Russia is here.

My writing time this week has been swallowed up by an article for an e-zine issue coming out in October about my genealogy research.  So I’ve turned over my regular post today to four “guest bloggers:” a couple of sadly-anonymous writers from the year 1916; Congressman “Speedy” Long in the 1967 Congressional Record; and the 2010 National Conference of State Legislators.

They each published articles about my grandfather Bornett L. Bobroff’s invention of the roll-call voting machine.

First article: from Popular Science Monthly, 1916

Article from 1916 Popular Science Monthly, with a composite photo showing what Bobroff's roll-call voting machine would look like in the United States Congress. Note the two panels on either side of the dais. These list each Congressman's name, along with lights indicating a yes or no vote.

Snippet from 1967 United States Congressional Record listing states in which the electric roll-call voting machine had been installed. Louisiana Representative "Speedy" Long (of the dynasty begun by Huey Long, in whose time Louisiana adopted Bobroff's voting machine) had just introduced a 1967 amendment that the US Congress finally install electric voting.

Bobroff’s most ubiquitous invention was the automobile turn signal, which he patented and manufactured at his Teleoptic factory in Racine, Wisconsin.  But he got more press coverage for inventing the roll-call voting machine.  Bobroff’s own state of Wisconsin was the first to install this machine in its legislature.  Other state legislatures followed.

In 1916, the US Congress was considering installing the machine in the Capitol in Washington DC.  This never came to fruition because  Congressmen were apparently afraid that speeded-up voting would eliminate filibusters.  But meanwhile, there was a brief window of excitement that a Wisconsin inventor, an immigrant from Russia, might make the national scene.

Milwaukee Free Press cartoon and article

My next 1916 guest blogger is the author of a Milwaukee Free Press article about my grandfather, adorned with a wonderful cartoon drawing.

May 1916 Milwaukee Free Press article with a great cartoon drawing of my grandfather, Bornett L. Bobroff

Well, unfortunately this article prints too small for the text to be legible.  And it isn’t available anywhere else online.  At some point down the trail, I’ll try to post it magnified enough to read.  Meanwhile, if you’re writing a school report or doing historical research on the American voting system, shoot me an email, and I’ll be happy to send the whole article to you.

National Conference of State Legislatures article

Last, let’s return to Louisiana.  I’m honored that this past February, 2010, the National Conference of State Legislatures decided to reprint a Louisiana article about my grandfather and his voting machine.   To see this 2010 article in a larger, more readable .pdf version, click here.

2010 National Conference of State Legislatures reprint of a Louisiana article about the introduction of Bobroff's roll-call voting machine into the Louisiana State Legislature.

Alexander Rosenbloom’s list of Borisov (Barysaw) victims of Nazi genocide

Thursday, September 2nd, 2010

NOTE: In my earlier posts utilizing material from Alexander Rosenbloom’s Russian-language website (here and here), I have transliterated his name from Cyrillic using the most direct method, as Aleksandr Rosenblyum.  Because he seems to be more often referred to in English by the more westernized Alexander Rosenbloom, I am now switching to that version.

The Borisov ghetto at liberation, 1944.

The Borisov ghetto at liberation, 1944.

At the end of this post is Alexander Rosenbloom’s list of Borisov (Barysaw) victims of the Nazi genocide, transliterated from his Russian language website.  This list contains something close to 3,000 names.

By publishing Rosenbloom’s lists on my English-language website, I’m making them available to non-Russian speakers searching for relatives, and other interested readers.

I want to thank Rosenbloom (Rosenblyum) for the many years of research he has devoted to compiling this list.  I also want to thank Leon Kull for transliterating the names from Cyrillic for my website.  And thanks to my son Nicky Hajal for doing the programming needed to accommodate such a massive list on this blog post.

Leonid Smilovitsky’s book, Katastrofia Evreev v Velorusii 1941-1944 (“The Holocaust in Belarus”) has an excellent chapter about Rosenbloom’s work, translated by Judith Springer,  available online at JewishGen.com here.  I highly recommend reading this interesting placement of Rosenbloom’s efforts within the context of new Holocaust history developed by Russian Jews who emigrated during the 1990s after the fall of Communism.

Nazi genocide of the Jewish population of Borisov (Barysaw)

According to information pointed out to me by JewishGen member Rhoda Weiss, in 1939, there were 10,011 Jews in Borisov.  They made up 20.4% of the total population.

Borisov was occupied by German troops on July 2, 1940.  According to one account, a ghetto was established on the outskirts of Borisov in the late summer of 1941.  The Slavic population was moved out of an area of a few blocks and told to take Jewish homes on other streets.  The ghetto was surrounded by barbed wire, leaving only one gateway.  Resettlement occurred in a single day, with Jews allowed to take only what possessions they could carry by hand.  Extreme overcrowding led to terrible sanitary conditions and disease.

The ghetto of Smolensk, roughly 150 miles east of Borisov.  We may wonder whether similar scenes played out in Borisov.

The ghetto of Smolensk, USSR, roughly 150 miles east of Borisov (that is, deeper into Soviet territory). We may wonder whether similar scenes played out in Borisov.

On Oct. 20-21, 1941, in a single, organized operation, the Germans (along with some number of Soviet collaborators) rounded up and shot or buried alive some 7,245 Jews.  Other separate actions brought the total of those murdered to around 9,000.

As one reviewer wrote of Rosenbloom’s lists of Jews killed by the Nazis and in the Soviet GULAG,

“The author…defined his work as a requiem to those who perished, an expression of gratitude to the righteous, and a curse on the traitors.  In this he sees a tribute to the memory of the generation that went through the trials of the war, Soviet construction, and liquidation of national and religious life.”

Rosenbloom’s list

This list included the names of those who lived not only in Borisov, but also in other areas in Borisov uyezd (district).

KEY

* Zembinsk ghetto prisoners shot on Monday, August 18, 1941.
** Prisoners of the Ivyevsk ghetto.
? There may be an error with respect to the name, according to an informant.

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Abelevich, Girsh
Abezgauz, Fala*
Abezgauz, Girsh*
Abezgauz, Leyb*
Abezgauz, Nehama*
Abezgauz, Tanya*
Abramovich, Cilya
Abramovich, Ginda
Abramovich, Simon
Abramovich, Yuda
Agranov, Samuil
Agranova, Hana
Agranova, Rahil’
Aksel’, Basya*
Aksel’, Haim*
Aksel’, Hana
Aksel’, Leva
Aksel’, Lyuba
Aksel’, Maks
Aksel’, Sonya*
Aksel’, Yakov
Aksel’rod, Ginda
Aksel’rod, Leva
Aksel’rod, Lyubov’
Aksel’rod, Lyubov’
Aksel’rod, Moisey
Aksel’rod, Nohim
Aksel’rod, Riva
Akulich, Fyokla
Akulich, Grisha
Al’perin, Aron
Al’perin, Ichak
Al’perin, Lenya
Al’perin, Moisey
Al’perin, Yasha
Al’perina, Fanya
Al’perina, Leya
Al’perina, Malka
Al’perina, Mila
Al’perina, Raisa
Al’perina, Roza
Al’perovich, Borya
Al’perovich, Dora
Al’perovich, Ele
Al’perovich, Haim
Al’perovich, Lifa
Al’perovich, Masha
Al’perovich, Mira
Al’perovich, Roza
Al’perovich, Sholom
Al’perovich, Sonya
Al’perovich, Yankel’
Al’shic, Pinya
Al’terman, Hasya
Al’terman, Zalman
Al’tshul’, Grigoriy
Al’tshul’, Ida
Al’tshul’, Izya
Al’tshul’, Manya
Al’tshul’, Mar’yasya
Al’tshul’, Shimshen
Al’tshul’, Sora
Al’tshul’, Tane
Al’tshul’, Tanya
Al’tshuler, Abram-Leyzer
Al’tshuler, Boris
Al’tshuler, David
Al’tshuler, Genya
Al’tshuler, Klara
Al’tshuler, Lena
Al’tshuler, Lilya
Al’tshuler, Tuba-Yoha
Al’tshuler-Zareckaya, Lyuba
Aleksandrova, Shprince
Alyass, Maks
Andrachnik, Vulya
Andrachnikova, Eva
Andrachnikova, Sima
Aronchik, Sima
Aronin, Eynes
Aronin, Samuil
Aronin, Samuil
Aronina, Basya
Aronina, Berta
Aronina, Dasha
Aronina, Doba
Aronina, Dunya
Aronina, Masha
Aronina, Pesya
Aronina, Rahil’
Aronina, Slava
Aronov, Iosif
Aronov, Mosha
Aronov, Moshke
Aronov, Sohor
Aronova, Berta
Aronova, Cilya
Aronova, Eta
Aronova, H#ena
Aronova, Haya
Aronova, Haya-Sora
Aronova, Mariya
Ash, Minya
Ashkovskaya, Alya
Ashkovskaya, Rahil’
Ashkovskaya, Riva
Ashkovskiy, Zalman
Astrahan, Cilya
Astrahan, Gdalya
Astrahan, Morduh
Astrahan, Srol’
Astrahan, Tylya
Astrahan, Valentina
Ausker, Aron
Ausker, Eel
Ausker, Mark
Ausker, Mihlya
Ausker, Mota
Ausker, Roha
Ausker, Shepa
Averbah, Boris
Averbah, Yasha
Averbuh, Hava
Averbuh, Haya
Avrutina, Sima
Avseev, Fole
Avseev, Haim
Avseev, Ishiya
Avseev, Rahmiel’
Avseev, Zalman
Avseev, Zelik
Avseeva, Brayna
Avseeva, Genya
Ayzeman, Zyama
Ayzendorf, Yakov
Ayzenshtadt, Blyuma

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Bahrah, Iosif
Bahrah, Mera
Bahrah, Sarra
Bahrah, Zalman
Bakalyar, Fima
Bakalyar, Gilya
Balonova, Alta
Balonova, Hasya
Bandas, Goda
Baranovskaya, Ester
Baranovskaya, Ida
Baranovskiy, Izya
Baranovskiy, Osher
Baranskaya, Bel’ka
Baranskaya, Broha
Baranskaya, Ester
Baranskiy, Aron
Baranskiy, Boris
Baranskiy, Gena
Baranskiy, Hackel’
Baranskiy, Haim
Baranskiy, Osher
Baranskiy, Yankel’
Barenbaum, CHernya
Barenbaum, Cilya
Barenbaum, Elik
Barenbaum, Fruma
Barenbaum, Hana
Barenbaum, Hasya
Barenbaum, Kusel’
Barenbaum, Masha
Barenbaum, Musya
Bark, Roza
Bark, Vul’f
Barkan, Bel’ka
Barkan, Hasya
Barkan, Haya
Barkan, Izya
Barkan, Leyba
Barkan, Mar’yasya
Barkan, Masha
Barkan, Mera
Barkan, Riva
Barkan, Sonya
Barkan, Vihna
Barkan, Zalman
Barshay, Gilya
Barshay, Meyshke
Barshay, Meyshke
Basina, Dynya
Baskind, Broha
Baskind, Nyusya
Basok, Mendl
Basok, Pesya
Basok, Shmerl
Basok, Shmunya
Basovskaya, Elena
Batashov, Boris
Batashova, Frida
Batashova, Klara
Bathan, Esfir’
Bathan, Sof’ya
Bayarskaya, Rahel’
Bel’kind, David*
Bel’kind, Eel*
Bel’kind, Ella
Bel’kind, Gersh
Bel’kind, Haim
Bel’kind, Hana
Bel’kind, Hava
Bel’kind, Haya*
Bel’kind, Lyuba*
Bel’kind, Malka
Bel’kind, Manya
Bel’kind, Moisey
Bel’kind, Moke
Bel’kind, Moshe-Haim
Bel’kind, Polina
Bel’kind, Riva
Bel’kind, Riva
Bel’kind, Samuil
Bel’kind, Solomon
Bel’kind, Sonya
Bel’kind, Yohve*
Belen’kaya, Emma
Belen’kaya, Hana
Belen’kaya, Shifra
Belen’kiy, Ben’yamin
Belen’kiy, Seva
Belen’kiy, Yasha
Belen’kiy, Yudik
Belkin, David*
Belkina, Basya*
Belkina, Manya*
Belyavin, Boris
Belyavina, Berta
Belyavina, Dolores
Belyavina, Frida
Bencman, Meycha
Benenson, Avrom-Dovid
Benenson, Eha
Benenson, Fruma
Benenson, Haim
Benenson, Haya
Benenson, Mendl
Benenson, Pesya
Benenson, Shepa
Benenson, Simon
Benenson, Sonya
Benenson, Yankel’
Berkina, Mina
Berkovich, Mulya
Berkovich, Rivka
Berkovich, Velya
Berkovskaya, Ada
Berkovskaya, Grunya
Berkovskaya, Ida
Berkovskaya, Mera
Berkovskiy, Abram
Berkovskiy, Isaak
Berkovskiy, Izik
Berkovskiy, Nota
Berkovskiy, Samuil
Berlina, Yanya
Berlina, Zelda
Berlyand, Evsey
Bershakovskaya, Liba*
Bershakovskaya, Lyuba*
Beynenson, Abram
Beynenson, Aliza*
Beynenson, Aron
Beynenson, Aron*
Beynenson, Berl
Beynenson, Beylya
Beynenson, Beylya-Cipa*
Beynenson, Boruh-Icha
Beynenson, CHernya
Beynenson, Dasha
Beynenson, El’ka
Beynenson, Enta
Beynenson, Evgeniy*
Beynenson, Fruma
Beynenson, Gercl
Beynenson, Gilya*
Beynenson, Grisha
Beynenson, Haim-Dovid
Beynenson, Hana*
Beynenson, Haya
Beynenson, Isaak
Beynenson, Izya
Beynenson, Kusya*
Beynenson, Lazar’*
Beynenson, Lev
Beynenson, Leyb*
Beynenson, Liba*
Beynenson, Liza
Beynenson, Liza*
Beynenson, Lyuba*
Beynenson, Maks
Beynenson, Maks
Beynenson, Malka*
Beynenson, Manya
Beynenson, Masha
Beynenson, Matus
Beynenson, Meer*
Beynenson, Minya
Beynenson, Mota
Beynenson, Nina
Beynenson, Riva*
Beynenson, Roha*
Beynenson, Sarra
Beynenson, Sarra-Bosya
Beynenson, Seel
Beynenson, Shaya*
Beynenson, Shevel’
Beynenson, Sima
Beynenson, Simon
Beynenson, Sofa*
Beynenson, Sosha*
Beynenson, Yankel’*
Beynenson, Zhenya*
Beynenson, Zyama
Blank, Blyuma
Blank, Boris
Blinkov, Feliks
Blinkov, Lyus’en
Blinkov, Yasha
Blinkova, Berta
Bloh, Dvosya
Bloh, Genah-Leyb
Bloh, Haya
Bloh, Raya
Bloh, Sora-Beylya
Blyahman, Sheyna
Blyahman, Yankel’
Blyumkin, Yuda
Bobrov, Boruh
Bobrov, Haim
Bobrov, Izrail’
Bobrov, Leva
Bobrova, Gita
Bobrova, Luchirka
Bobrova, Rohl
Bobrova, Shifra
Bobrova, Sora
Bomshteyn, Abram
Bomshteyn, Avsey
Bomshteyn, El’ka
Bomshteyn, Fira
Bomshteyn, Haim
Bomshteyn, Haya
Bomshteyn, Izrail’
Bomshteyn, Leva
Bomshteyn, Liba
Bomshteyn, Liza
Bomshteyn, Manya
Bomshteyn, Mera
Bomshteyn, Milya
Bomshteyn, Misha
Bomshteyn, Moshe
Bomshteyn, Rahil’
Bomshteyn, Riva
Bomshteyn, Sof’ya
Bomshteyn, Sveta
Bomshteyn, Yankel’
Boroda, Edel’
Boroda, Liza
Boroda, Sarra
Boroda, Sheyna
Borohovich, Asya
Borohovich, Samuil
Boyarskaya, Rahil’**
Braslavskaya, Ginda
Breslav, Rohe-Reyzl
Brodkin, Grisha
Brodkin, Icka
Brodkina, Dvosya
Brodkina, Fanya
Brodkina, Frosya
Brodkina, Rosya
Brodkina, Sarra
Brodkina, Sosya
Buhevich, Hana
Buslov, Elya
Buz, Cipa

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

CHarnaya, Bella
CHarnaya, Golda
CHarno, Zelda
CHarnyy, Iosif
CHarnyy, Lazar’
CHarnyy, Semen
CHernihovskaya, Klara
CHernihovskaya, Liya
CHernihovskaya, Rozaliya
CHernihovskaya, Sarra
CHernihovskaya, Sof’ya
CHernin, Bencha
CHernin, Haim-Iser
CHernin, Iser
CHernin, Leyb
CHernin, Shulik
CHernina, Basya
CHernina, Gelya
CHernina, Sof’ya
CHernina, Zlata
CHernya, Roza
CHertkov, Semen
CHertkova, Klara
CHesnin, Yan
CHesnina, Liza
CHuhman, Fanya
CHuhman, Sonya
CHuhman, Zalman
Cadikova, Mariya
Cemah, Leva
Cemah, Zina
Cigel’, Faina
Cimkovskaya, Bela*
Cimkovskaya, Cilya
Cimkovskaya, El’ka
Cimkovskaya, Gita
Cimkovskaya, Guta
Cimkovskaya, Hava
Cimkovskaya, Manya
Cimkovskaya, Musya
Cimkovskaya, Sarra
Cimkovskiy, Gena
Cimkovskiy, Gershun
Cimkovskiy, Isaak
Cimkovskiy, Izrail’
Cimkovskiy, Samuil
Cimkovskiy, Solomon
Cimkovskiy, Vova
Cimmerman, Anatoliy
Cimmerman, Sof’ya
Cimmerman, Yuliya
Cipin, Sender
Cipina, Raisa
Cipkin, Girsl
Cipkin, Icha
Cipkina, Sora-Doba
Cipkina, Yudasya
Cirkin, Moisey
Cirkina, Dvosya
Cirkina, Eva
Cirkina, Sarra
Ciryul’nik, Aron
Ciryul’nik, Avraam
Ciryul’nik, Bat’ya
Ciryul’nik, Gilya
Ciryul’nik, Hana
Ciryul’nik, Iosif
Ciryul’nik, Isaak
Ciryul’nik, Manya
Ciryul’nik, Mera
Ciryul’nik, Mota
Cofin, Abram
Cofin, Il’ya
Cofina, Anna
Cukerman, Blyuma
Cukernik, Anna
Cukernik, Viktor

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Dardyk, Freyda
Dardyk, Haim
Davidovich, Manya
Davidson, Hana
Davidson, Lev
Dinaburg, Beylya
Dinaburg, Shaya
Dinaburg, Velya
Dinershteyn, Abram
Dinershteyn, Fruma
Dinershteyn, Monya
Dinershteyn, Naum
Dobkin, Girsl
Dokshickaya, Emma
Don, Ida
Don, Zusya
Dordik, Mera
Drabkin, Velvl
Drabkin, Zyama
Drabkina, Gita
Drabkina, Hana
Dreyzin, Vul’f
Drumlevich, Misha
Dubershteyn, Ester
Duhan, Basya
Dvorkin, Isaak
Dvorkin, Lazar’
Dvorkin, Leyb
Dvorkin, Moris
Dvorkin, Motl
Dvorkin, Zalman
Dvorkin, Zyama
Dvorkina, Basya
Dvorkina, Etl-Brayna
Dvorkina, Fanya
Dvorkina, Haya
Dvorkina, Malka
Dvorkina, Rika
Dvorkina, Sarra
Dvorkind, Abram
Dvorkind, Boruh
Dvorkind, Esl
Dvorkind, Genya
Dvorkind, Gitl
Dvorkind, Mayya
Dvorkind, Pesya
Dvorkind, Rivka
Dvorkind, Shaya
Dvorkind, Sima
Dvorkind, Zalman
Dvoshkin, Girsh
Dyadechkina, Malka
Dykman, Galya
Dykman, Manya
Dymshic, Elya
Dymshic, Leyb

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Eber, Emma
Eber, Ester
Eber, Zalman
Eber, Zlata
Edel’, Revekka
El’kin, Leyba
El’kina, Feyga
El’kind, Aba
El’kind, Aron
El’kind, Bella
El’kind, Berta
El’kind, Boris
El’kind, David
El’kind, Doda
El’kind, Efim
El’kind, Elya
El’kind, Esfir’
El’kind, Fanya
El’kind, Gendl
El’kind, Genya
El’kind, Gesl
El’kind, H#ena
El’kind, Hae-Sore*
El’kind, Hana*
El’kind, Hasya
El’kind, Hasya*
El’kind, Hava*
El’kind, Haya
El’kind, Haya*
El’kind, Icha
El’kind, Iosif
El’kind, Izrail’
El’kind, Izya
El’kind, Leva
El’kind, Liza
El’kind, Lyubov’
El’kind, Maks
El’kind, Mihail
El’kind, Mirl
El’kind, Naum
El’kind, Nehama
El’kind, Nina
El’kind, Paya
El’kind, Rahil’
El’kind, Rasya
El’kind, Riva
El’kind, Roza
El’kind, Saul
El’kind, Sema
El’kind, Seyna
El’kind, Shifra
El’kind, Sonya*
El’kind, Sora-Broha
El’kind, Tamara
El’kind, Yankel’
El’kind, Zelda-Liba
El’kind, Zina*
El’kind, Zinaida
El’man, Leva
El’terman, Avremul
El’terman, Eha
El’terman, Elena
El’terman, Monya
El’terman, Sof’ya
El’yasheva, Debora
Elentuh, Zysya
Eliovich, Boruh**
Eliovich, Rasha
Eliovich, Shabtay**
Emil’chik, Abram
Emil’chik, Sora
Entina, Broha
Epel’baum, Boris
Epshteyn, Bella
Epshteyn, Berta
Epshteyn, Hasya
Epshteyn, Icka
Epshteyn, Naum
Epshteyn, Sarra
Epshteyn, Solomon
Erusalimchik, Hana
Esterkin, Mulya
Esterkina, Liza
Esterkina, Reyzl
Esterkina, Riva
Esterman, Berta
Esterman, Lyuba
Evdokimchik, Dasya
Eydel’berg, Raya
Eydel’man, Anya
Eydel’man, Blyuma
Eydel’man, Efim
Eydel’man, Emma
Eydel’man, Evsey
Eydel’man, Eynes
Eydel’man, Ita
Eydel’man, Manya
Eydel’man, Raya
Eydel’man, Shaya
Eydlin, Boba
Eydlin, Misha
Eydlin, Simha
Eydlina, Broha
Eydlina, Stera
Eyg, (ili

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Fal’kovich, Boris
Fal’kovich, Serafima
Fayn, Abram
Fayn, Berl*
Fayn, Boris
Fayn, Boruh
Fayn, Broha
Fayn, Dveyre-Soshe
Fayn, Evel’*
Fayn, Evsey
Fayn, Eydl
Fayn, Fanya
Fayn, Galya
Fayn, Genah
Fayn, Gershun*
Fayn, Girsh
Fayn, Golda
Fayn, Haya
Fayn, Haya
Fayn, Ida
Fayn, Izrail’*
Fayn, Lazar’
Fayn, Lena
Fayn, Manya
Fayn, Nohim
Fayn, Rahil’*
Fayn, Raya*
Fayn, Reyzl*
Fayn, Roha-Leya*
Fayn, Ruvim
Fayn, Sonya
Fayn, Yankel’*
Fayn, Yoha
Fayn, Zalman
Fayn, Zyama
Faynberg, Eysef
Faynberg, Rita
Faytel’son, Brayna
Faytel’son, Vul’f
Fel’dman, Eva
Fel’dman, H#ena
Fel’dman, Nohum
Fel’dman, Rahmiel
Fel’dman, Riva
Felikson, Feyga
Felikson, Genya
Felikson, Kalman
Felikson, Manya
Felikson, Nehama
Feygel’man, Borya
Feygel’man, Mashke-Sore
Feygin, Roma
Feygin, Shleyma
Feygina, CHernya
Feygina, Cilya
Feygina, Fanya
Feygina, Feyga
Feygina, Hana
Feygina, Lyuba
Feygina, Raya
Feygina, Reyzl-Hane
Feygina, Roza
Finkel’shteyn, Bella
Finkel’shteyn, Dora
Finkel’shteyn, Gilya
Finkel’shteyn, Mariya
Finkel’shteyn, Mihail
Finkel’shteyn, Nota
Finkel’shteyn, Nota*
Finkel’shteyn, Rahil’
Finkel’shteyn, Shlema
Finkel’shteyn, Sonya
Finkel’shteyn, Zyama
Fishkin, Moisey
Fishkina, Liliya
Fishkind, Alta
Fishkind, Boris
Fishkind, Dveyra
Fishkind, Haya-Sora
Fishkind, Malka
Fishkind, Meyshka
Fishkind, Moisey
Fishkind, Noyma
Fishkind, Roza
Fishkind, Samuil
Fishkind, Tanya
Fleytlih, Riva
Fogel’son, Icik
Fomina, Manya
Fradkin, Izrail’
Fradkin, Leyzer
Fradkina, Blyuma
Fradkina, Pesya
Fradkina, Riva
Fradkina, Teylya
Fradkina, Zysya
Fraykind, Bashe-Yohe
Fraykind, Eysef-Are
Fraynberg, Gnesya
Fraynberg, Liliya
Fridberg, David
Fridlyand, Alte
Fridlyand, Arkadiy
Fridlyand, Elena
Fridlyand, Elya
Fridlyand, Haim
Fridlyand, Il’ya
Fridlyand, Ilyusha
Fridlyand, Ite-Rohl
Fridlyand, Lyuba
Fridlyand, Mordka
Fridlyand, Pesya
Fridlyand, Rohl
Fridlyand, Shaya
Fridlyand, Sima
Fridlyander, Boruh
Fridlyander, Yuliya
Fridman, Ablik
Fridman, Alta
Fridman, Anna
Fridman, Basya
Fridman, Basya
Fridman, Dvosya
Fridman, Eshiya
Fridman, Faina
Fridman, Faya
Fridman, Faya*
Fridman, Feyga
Fridman, Fira
Fridman, Franya
Fridman, Fruma
Fridman, Genya
Fridman, Genya
Fridman, Gisya
Fridman, Haim
Fridman, Hana
Fridman, Hava*
Fridman, Ishia-Sohor
Fridman, Kadysh
Fridman, Kusha
Fridman, Leyb
Fridman, Liza
Fridman, Lyuba
Fridman, Manya*
Fridman, Matla
Fridman, Meer
Fridman, Mera
Fridman, Misha
Fridman, Polya
Fridman, Raya
Fridman, Roha
Fridman, Sarra
Fridman, Sasha
Fridman, Sender
Fridman, Shleyma
Fridman, Sosha
Fridman, Zalman
Frumin, Boris
Frumin, Solomon
Frumina, Anna
Frumkin, Grisha
Frumkina, Fanya
Frumkina, Klara
Frumkis, Keylya
Frumkis, Yuda
Frusina, Guta
Frusina, Sima
Frutkin, Ruven
Fuks, Mihail
Fukson, Shleyma-Haim
Furlyatov, Sergey
Futerman, Mota
Futerman, Mota*

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Gal’perin, Gesl
Gal’perin, Samson
Gal’perovich, Yankel’
Gans, Leonora*
Gans, Mera*
Gdalevich, Abram
Gdalevich, Il’ka
Gdalevich, Teila
Gdalevich, Zalman
Geht, Fanya
Gel’fand, Solomon
Gel’fman, Mariya
Gel’fman, Sonya
Gellerman, Abrasha
Gellerman, Boris
Gellerman, Nema
Gellerman, Sarra
Gellerman, Venya
Gellerman, Zalman
Genin, Ishiya
Genina, Tayba
Genkin, David
Genkin, Lev
Genkin, Samuil
Genkina, Sosya
Genkind, Aron
Genkind, Hana
Genkind, Samuil
Genkind, Sasha
Gerchikov, Irma
Gerchikov, Moisey
Gerchikova, Cilya
Gerchikova, Esfir’
Gerchikova, Genya
Gercikov, Boris
Gercikova, Nehama
Gercikova, Vera
Gercikova, Vita
Gershenovich, Freydl
Gershenovich, Nehama
Gershenovich, Riva
Gershenovich, Yuda
Gershman, Manya*
Gershman, Meer
Gershman, Sonya
Geyman, Nison
Gil’denberg, Rahil’
Giller, Leya
Gimel’farb, Aron
Gimershteyn, Fruma
Gindburg, Zel’da
Ginzburg, Cipa
Ginzburg, Eruhim
Ginzburg, Faina*
Ginzburg, Goda*
Ginzburg, Kalman
Ginzburg, Liza
Ginzburg, Menuha
Ginzburg, Nohim
Ginzburg, Riva
Ginzburg, Ruvim
Ginzburg, Syoma
Gipshteyn, Dasha
Girshfel’d, Faytel’
Girshfel’d, Polya
Girshin, Avigdor
Girshina, Haya
Girshovic, Haya
Girshovic, Rivka
Girshovic, Yoha
Gitlevich, David
Gitlic, Aba*
Gitlic, Genya
Gitlic, Haya*
Glikman, Haya
Glikman, Maks
Glushec, Ginda
Gluzman, Rahil’
Glyayhengauz, Sima*
Goberman, Frida
Goberman, Mahlya
Godes, Bela
Godes, Ben
Godes, Bencion
Godes, Beylya
Gofman, Freyna
Gofman, Riva
Gofshteyn, Boris
Gofshteyn, Lyova
Gol’dberg, Abrasha
Gol’dberg, Alik
Gol’dberg, Beylya
Gol’dberg, Cilya
Gol’dberg, Elya
Gol’dberg, Eysef
Gol’dberg, Hasiva
Gol’dberg, Hava
Gol’dberg, Icka
Gol’dberg, Iosif
Gol’dberg, Leya
Gol’dberg, Mayrim
Gol’dberg, Minya
Gol’dberg, Moisey
Gol’dberg, Motik
Gol’dberg, Naum
Gol’dberg, Shmae
Gol’dberg, Sosha
Gol’dberg, Vyacheslav
Gol’dfarb, Golda
Gol’dfarb, Mira
Gol’dfarb, Mira
Gol’dfarb, Mota-Haim
Gol’din, Haim
Gol’dina, Manya
Gol’dman, Leya
Gol’dshmit, Basya
Gol’ger, Beylya
Gol’nik, Dora
Gol’nik, Gisya
Gol’nik, Haim
Gol’nik, Musya
Golomshtok, Shifra
Golomshtok, Slava-El’ka
Golomshtok, Yakov
Golosovker, Isaak
Golosovker, Sonya
Golosovker, Tana
Golub, Isaak
Golub, Masha
Gonik, Velvl
Gonikman, Pesya
Gonikman, Ruvim
Gordon, Aron
Gordon, Basya
Gordon, Fidl
Gordon, Hena
Gordon, Ieguda*
Gordon, Kadysh
Gordon, Lev
Gordon, Misha*
Gordon, Mosha*
Gordon, Pirca
Gordon, Rahil’
Gordon, Risha
Gordon, Sonya
Gordon, Yuda
Gordon, Zelda*
Goreckaya, Berta
Gorelik, Eva
Gorelik, Fima
Gorelik, Mihail
Gorelik, Semen
Gorelik, Sima
Gorelik, Yakov
Gorelik, Yuliy
Gorfinkel’, Boris
Gorfinkel’, El’ka
Gorfinkel’, Kalman
Gorfinkel’, Polina
Gorfinkel’, Tolik
Gorlina, Ida
Gorner, Haya
Gorner, Sof’ya
Gorner, Yana*
Gorobeynik, Mariya
Gorobeynik, Pesya
Gorodinskaya, Fruma
Gorodinskaya, Gita
Gorodinskaya, Haya
Gorodinskiy, Elya
Gorodinskiy, Yankel’
Gorshman, Rivka*
Goryachikov, Yakov
Gozman, Cilya
Grafskaya, Roza
Grand, Sima
Grande, Cilya
Grande, Fima
Grande, Ruven
Grando, Aron
Grando, Lyusya
Grando, Perla
Gressel’, Hana
Gressel’, Leyba
Gresser, Ben’yamin
Grinberg, Boris
Grinberg, Tamara
Grinshteyn, Bada
Grinshteyn, Beylya
Grinshteyn, Matlya
Grinshteyn, Riva
Grinshteyn, Roza
Grinshteyn, Volodya
Grinval’d, Sof’ya
Grubshteyn, Doba
Grubshteyn, Gita
Grubshteyn, Meer
Grubshteyn, Sonya
Gumnic, Haya
Gumnic, Leya
Gumnic, Masha
Gumnic, Zoroh
Gurevich, Abram
Gurevich, Aron
Gurevich, Basya
Gurevich, Baya
Gurevich, Berl
Gurevich, Boris
Gurevich, Cilya
Gurevich, David
Gurevich, Doba
Gurevich, Dora
Gurevich, Dvosya
Gurevich, Eel
Gurevich, Evel’
Gurevich, Fanya
Gurevich, Fishl
Gurevich, Freyda-Hava
Gurevich, Genya
Gurevich, Gilya
Gurevich, Gita
Gurevich, Gnesya
Gurevich, Golda
Gurevich, Hava
Gurevich, Haya
Gurevich, Iosif
Gurevich, Isay
Gurevich, Izya
Gurevich, Izya
Gurevich, Kalman
Gurevich, Klara
Gurevich, Kopl
Gurevich, Lazar’
Gurevich, Leya
Gurevich, Lyusya
Gurevich, Manya
Gurevich, Mir’yam
Gurevich, Moisey
Gurevich, Mota
Gurevich, Moysha
Gurevich, Nesya
Gurevich, Pulya
Gurevich, Rahil’
Gurevich, Reyzl
Gurevich, Riva
Gurevich, Roda
Gurevich, Roza
Gurevich, Ruven
Gurevich, Samuil
Gurevich, Sarra
Gurevich, Seyna
Gurevich, Shlema
Gurevich, Solomon
Gurevich, Sora-Genya
Gurevich, Taisa
Gurevich, Yakov
Gurevich, Yoha
Gurevich, Yudasya
Gurevich, Zyama
Gurfinkel’, Elya
Gurfinkel’, Lazik
Gurfinkel’, Yudes
Gurovic, Sof’ya
Gurovic, Yulya
Gurshman, Rivka*
Gusman, Abram
Gutin, Efim
Gutin, Zusya
Gutmanovich, Girsh*
Gutmanovich, Haya*
Gutmanovich, Iosif*
Gutmanovich, Leyb*
Gutmanovich, Musya
Gutmanovich, Peysha*
Gutmanovich, Roha*
Gutmanovich, Sarra*
Gutmanovich, Shifra*
Gutmanovich, Sofa*
Gutmanovich, Yuda*
Guz, Stella
Guzik, Afroim
Guzik, Kalman
Guzik, Mira
Guzik, Sarra
Guzman, Shevel’
Guzman, Velya

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Haberman, Bela
Hait, Blyuma
Hait, Hasya
Hait, Marianna
Hait, Sima
Hanina, Rahil’
Harik, Doba*
Harik, Fanya*
Harik, Mendl*
Harik, Mota*
Harik, Ruva*
Harik, Shulya*
Harik, Zalman*
Haritonskiy, Boris
Hatovnik, Beniamin
Hauzer, El’za
Havkina, Rahil’
Haycin, David
Haykin, Abram
Haykina, Dvoyra
Haykina, Lyuba
Haykina, Riva
Haykina, Shima
Haykind, Alter
Heyfec, Bunya*
Heyfec, David*
Heyfec, Emma
Heyfec, Ester*
Heyfec, Hasya*
Heyfec, Haya
Heyfec, Iser
Heyfec, Lyova
Heyfec, Lyuba
Heyfec, Lyusya
Heyfec, Mota*
Heyfec, Peshe*
Heyfec, Roshe*
Heyfec, Shprince
Heyfec, Sonya*
Heyfec, Sora-Nysha
Heyfec, Tamara
Hitrik, Alta
Hitrik, Emma
Hitrik, Fira
Hitrik, Mina
Hitrik, Zelik
Hlebovskaya, CHernya
Hlebovskaya, Hana
Hmel’nik, Zyama
Hmel’nik, Zysya
Hodos, Samuil
Hodos, Sarra
Hodosevich, Hasya*
Hodoshinskiy, Aron

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Icikovskaya, Liza
Idel’chik, Yahne
Ioffe, Aron
Ioffe, Bella
Ioffe, Galina
Ioffe, Genya
Ioffe, Haya-Sora
Ioffe, Iosif
Ioffe, Liya
Ioffe, Malka
Ioffe, Moisey
Ioffe, Morduh
Ioffe, Naum
Ioffe, Naum
Iohina, Zelda
Ioselev, Moisey
Itkina, Mar’yasya
Itkina, Roza
Itkind, Ginda
Izakov, Feliks
Izakova, Genya

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Kabakov, Abram
Kabakov, Boris
Kabakov, Moisey
Kabakov, Sasha
Kabakova, Eva
Kabakova, Gita
Kabakova, Hava
Kabakova, Sima
Kabakova, Yulya
Kabakova, Zhenya
Kabatnik, Blyuma
Kac, Abram
Kac, Alter
Kac, Asya
Kac, Boma
Kac, Borya
Kac, Broha
Kac, Cilya
Kac, David
Kac, Dora
Kac, Dynya
Kac, Evgeniya
Kac, Garik
Kac, Gita
Kac, Haya*
Kac, Ichak
Kac, Iosif*
Kac, Isaak
Kac, Lev
Kac, Manya
Kac, Meer*
Kac, Minya
Kac, Moshe
Kac, Riva*
Kac, Sarra
Kac, Zelik
Kac, Zyama
Kacenel’bogen, Abram
Kacenel’son, Zina
Kacman, Ar’e
Kacman, Aron
Kacman, Elya
Kacman, Zlata
Kacovich, Cipora
Kacovich, Izya
Kacovich, Mihael’
Kacovich, Rivka
Kagan, Abram
Kagan, Anya
Kagan, Ayzik
Kagan, Basya
Kagan, Boris
Kagan, Broha
Kagan, Cilya
Kagan, Dvoyra
Kagan, Eliyagu**
Kagan, Esfir’
Kagan, Ester
Kagan, Girsh
Kagan, H#ena
Kagan, Hana
Kagan, Haya
Kagan, Icka
Kagan, Iosif
Kagan, Lyuba
Kagan, Pinya
Kagan, Rahil’
Kagan, Sara
Kagan, Sora
Kagan, Velvl
Kagan, Vladimir
Kagan, Volik
Kagan, Vul’f
Kaganovich, Faina
Kaganovich, Guta
Kaganovich, Iosif
Kaganovich, Shifra
Kalmanovich, Codik
Kalmanovich, Shlema
Kameneckaya, Ginda
Kameneva, Haya
Kameneva, Liba
Kamenkovich, Fira
Kamenkovich, Grisha
Kamenkovich, Isaak
Kamenkovich, Liya
Kamenkovich, Luiza
Kamenkovich, Moisey
Kamenkovich, Yakov
Kaminskaya, Broha
Kantor, Boruh
Kantor, Leyzer
Kantor, Liya
Kantor, Mendel’*
Kantor, Sara
Kantorovich, Gita
Kapelevich, Rohe
Kapilevich, David
Kapilevich, Genya
Kapilevich, Gilya
Kapilevich, Haim
Kapilevich, Haya
Kapilevich, Pinhas
Kapilevich, Sonya
Kapkina, Mera
Kaplan, Anna
Kaplan, Aron
Kaplan, Bella
Kaplan, Berl
Kaplan, Beylya
Kaplan, Cilya
Kaplan, Gita
Kaplan, Hana
Kaplan, Hava
Kaplan, Haya
Kaplan, Icka
Kaplan, Isaak
Kaplan, Leva
Kaplan, Leya
Kaplan, Liza
Kaplan, Meer
Kaplan, Mera
Kaplan, Nison
Kaplan, Olya
Kaplan, Perl
Kaplan, Rahil’
Kaplan, Riva-Dveyra
Kaplan, Sonya
Kaplan, Vova
Kaplan, Yahne-Beylya
Kaplan, Zolya
Kaplan, Zusya
Kaplin, Zinoviy
Karasik, Beba
Karasik, Hema
Karasik, Hema
Karasina, Leya
Karasina, Nina
Karp, Aronchik
Karp, Hana
Karp, Motl
Karp, Mulya
Karp, Nehama
Karp, Raya
Karp, Zelda
Karpova, Asya
Karpova, Galina
Kartuzhanskaya, Elena*
Kartuzhanskaya, Natasha*
Katkova, Nehama
Kazhdan, Alta
Kazhdan, Elya
Kazhdan, Esya
Kazhdan, Hasya
Kazhdan, Haya
Kazhdan, Leya
Kazhdan, Lina
Kazhdan, Lyusya
Kazhdan, Mendl
Kazhdan, Moisey
Kazhdan, Movsha
Kazhdan, Naha
Kazhdan, Pina
Kazhdan, Rahil’
Kazhdan, Riva
Kazhdan, Sheftl
Kazhdan, Sholom
Kazhdan, Zel’da
Kazinec, Dvora
Kazinik, Cilya
Kazinik, Esfir’
Kazinik, Greynesh
Keylin, Viktor
Kimel’, Genah
Kimel’, Haya
Kimel’, Malka
Kimel’, Sema
Kiselevich, Aron
Kiselevich, Sure-Cipe
Kivman, Cilya
Kivman, Feyga
Kivman, Haim
Kivman, Iosif
Kivman, Sarra
Klebanov, Benya
Klebanov, Berka
Klebanov, Boris
Klebanov, David
Klebanov, Icha
Klebanov, Isaak
Klebanov, Isroel’
Klebanov, Leyba
Klebanov, Miron
Klebanov, Nohim
Klebanov, Shaya
Klebanov, Shmuel’-Yankel’
Klebanova, Berta
Klebanova, Brayna
Klebanova, Dora
Klebanova, Dveyra
Klebanova, Eva
Klebanova, Fanya
Klebanova, Fruma
Klebanova, Ginda
Klebanova, H#ena-Civa
Klebanova, Hava
Klebanova, Ida
Klebanova, Keylya
Klebanova, Liba
Klebanova, Liza
Klebanova, Masha
Klebanova, Rahil’
Klebanova, Raya
Klebanova, Sarra
Klebanova, Sof’ya
Klebanova, Zelda
Kleper, Beynes
Kleper, Malka
Kleper, Volodya
Kleynman, Nysha
Kleynman, Yuda
Klibanov, Mulya
Klibanov, Teva
Klibanova, Ester
Klionskaya, Basya*
Klionskaya, Broha
Klionskaya, Cilya
Klionskaya, Cipa-Leya
Klionskaya, Dina
Klionskaya, Dora
Klionskaya, Ella
Klionskaya, Hana*
Klionskaya, Hasya*
Klionskaya, Leya
Klionskaya, Malka*
Klionskaya, Masha
Klionskaya, Olya
Klionskaya, Sima*
Klionskaya, Zlata*
Klionskiy, Benya
Klionskiy, David*
Klionskiy, Elya*
Klionskiy, Leyb*
Klionskiy, Noah*
Klionskiy, Nohim
Klionskiy, Shaptay*
Klionskiy, Shaya
Klionskiy, Shefl*
Klionskiy, Yuda*
Klionskiy, Yudel’
Klugerman, Zina
Kogan, Fruma
Kogan, Galya
Kogan, Haim
Kogan, Lazar’
Kogan, Lev
Kogan, Roza
Kogan, Vladimir
Kogan, Yankel’
Kopelevich, Haim*
Kopelevich, Kopl*
Kormilin, Monya
Kormilina, Pesya
Korotkin, Izya
Korotkin, Zalman
Korotkina, Dynya
Korotkina, Ida
Kovner, Elizaveta
Kovner, Isaak
Krag, Izrail’
Kramin, Morduh
Kramin, Semen
Krasel’wik, Gisya
Krasner, Avremul
Krasner, Bencion
Krasner, Genya
Krasner, Hana
Krasner, Leya
Krasner, Roza
Krasner, Serl
Krasner, Shleyme
Krasner, Zalman
Krasnik, Alik
Krasnik, Dora
Krasnik, Enya
Krasnik, Sema
Krasnik, Tanya
Krigman, Yankel’
Krivosheina, Haya
Krivoshey, Pinya
Krivoshey, Shaya
Krivoshey-Gurevich, Eshka
Krolik, Mera
Krolik, Mira
Kroll, Boruh
Kroll, Semen
Kroskina, Mina
Kroz, Mosha
Kroz, Roza
Krupkin, Ruvim
Kugel’, Abram
Kugel’, Iosif
Kunik, Basya
Kuperbaum, Cipora
Kurman, Grigoriy
Kurman, Misha
Kurman, Pesya
Kurman, Sarra
Kurman, Vul’f
Kushner, Abram
Kushner, Dveyra
Kushner, Semen
Kushner, Sonya
Kusterov, Hema
Kusterov, Izrail’
Kusterova, Dvosya
Kusterova, Raya
Kuzel’, Yakov*
Kuznecov, Solomon
Kuznecova, Mira
Kuznecova, Tayba
Kuznecova, Zlata
Kuznecova, Zoya
Kvores, Cipa
Kvoresman, Ginda
Kvoresman, Zundl

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Laks, Neha
Lapidus, Dina
Laskov, Don
Laskov, Shlema
Laskova, Eva
Laskova, Goda
Lavit, Leya
Lavker, David
Lavker, Pesya
Lehovickaya, Rasya
Lehovickiy, Ezra
Lehovickiy, Shloyma
Lekah, Dora
Leus, H#ena
Levi, Sulya
Levik, Sholim
Levin, Ar’e-Ber
Levin, Boris
Levin, Boris
Levin, Hilel’
Levin, Icka
Levin, Icka*
Levin, Iegoshua*
Levin, Iosif
Levin, Kushe*
Levin, Leyb
Levin, Meyshke*
Levin, Mihail
Levin, Mota*
Levin, Nisan
Levin, Noy
Levin, Semen
Levin, Sholom
Levin, Solomon
Levin, Teva
Levina, Bela*
Levina, Cipa
Levina, Civa
Levina, Dusya
Levina, Ester
Levina, Faina
Levina, Hana-Ester
Levina, Haya
Levina, Ida
Levina, Leya
Levina, Leya
Levina, Leya
Levina, Leya*
Levina, Liza
Levina, Manya
Levina, Mihlya
Levina, Rahil’
Levina, Sarra
Levina, Sosha
Levina, Yoshke-Beyle*
Levina-Kaplan, Doba
Levit, Ele-Yankev
Levit, Saveliy
Levit, Srolik
Levit, Tayba
Levitin, Iche
Levitin, Shmerl
Levitina, Frida
Levitina, Frida
Leybov, Shahne
Leybova, Gita
Leykin, Monya
Leykind, Aron
Leykind, Cilya
Leykind, Doba
Leykind, El’ka
Leykind, Eydlya
Leykind, Fayvel’
Leykind, Girsl-Iche
Leykind, Haim-Mota
Leykind, Haya-Leya
Leykind, Ida
Leykind, Ira
Leykind, Isaak
Leykind, Itka
Leykind, Keylya
Leykind, Mota
Leykind, Mota*
Leykind, Osya
Leykind, Reyzl
Leykind, Rivka
Leykind, Sarra
Leykind, Shloyme-Mihl
Leykind, Yankel’
Leykind, Yasha
Leykind, Zalman
Leykind, Zalman
Leykind, Zel’da
Leykind, Zina
Leytin, Zalman
Leyzerovich, Malka
Libenson, Alya
Libenson, Broha
Libenson, Edik
Libenson, Etl
Liberman, Evgeniya
Liberman, Guta
Liberman, Malka
Liberman, Mendl
Liberman, Misha
Liberman, Mulya
Liberman, Nehama
Liberman, Perl
Liberman, Riva
Liberman, Yakov
Libkind, Roza
Libov, Fayva
Libov, Fedor
Libov, Idel’
Libov, Izl
Libov, Misha
Libov, Moyshe
Libova, Gisha
Libova, Lyusya
Libova, Mira
Libova, Tamara
Libovich, Zerah
Lific, Aron
Lific, Mira
Lifshic, Haya
Lifshic, Semen
Lifshic, Yankel’
Lifshic, Yudes
Lipkin, Samuil
Lipkina, Drozna
Lipkind, Berl
Lipkind, Dvora
Lipkind, Leva
Lipkind, Riva
Lipov, (ili
Lipoveckiy, Faytel’
Lipskaya, Dora
Lipskaya, Hasya
Lipskaya, Ida
Lipskiy, Solomon
Litvin, Sima
Livshic, Ayzik
Livshic, Berta
Livshic, Boris
Livshic, Esfir’
Livshic, Evgeniya
Livshic, Haya
Livshic, Il’ya
Livshic, Iosif
Livshic, Lena
Livshic, Leyba
Livshic, Leybe-Haim
Livshic, Matil’da
Livshic, Nadezhda
Livshic, Saul
Livshic, Semen
Livshic, Sof’ya
Livshic, Syoma
Livshic, Vladimir
Livshic, Yakov
Livwic, Riva
Loyter, Eta
Loyter, Sholom
Loyter, Vul’f
Lulov, Boris
Lulov, Meysha
Lulova, Frida
Lulova, Sarra
Lungina, Sima
Lur’e, Natan
Lur’e, Uri
Luskin, Beynus
Luskin, Meysl
Luskin, Tev’e
Luskin, Yankel’
Luskin, Zalman
Luskina, Dveyra
Luskina, Haya
Luskina, Ida
Luskina, Malka
Luskina, Mina
Luskina, Roza
Lyandres, Abram
Lyandres, Basya
Lyandres, Cira
Lyandres, Emma
Lyandres, Fanya
Lyandres, Feyga
Lyandres, Mendl
Lyandres, Rasya
Lyandres, Tanya
Lyubchik, Berl
Lyubovich, Leya**
Lyubovich, Zerah**
Lyubyaneckaya, Rahil’
Lyubyaneckiy, Gilya
Lyubyaneckiy, Haim
Lyubyanickaya, Elena
Lyubyanickiy, Girsl

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Mac, Elya
Magid, Bencion
Magid, Frada
Mahlin, Eel
Mahlin, Evel’
Mahlin, Isroel
Mahlin, Mosha
Mahlin, Samuil
Mahlin, Zalman
Mahlin, Zhenya
Mahlin, Zisel
Mahlina, Rasya
Malkin, Izrail’
Malkina, Enta
Malkina, Ester
Malkina, Malka
Malkind, Abram
Malkind, Genya
Malkind, Roza
Malkind, Shmuel’
Malkind, Sima
Malkind, Tane
Maranova, Asya
Margolina, Shifra
Marinov, Shleyme
Marinova, Fanya
Marinova, Guta
Markman, Grigoriy
Markman, Yankel’
Marshak, Zinaida
Mashtoler, Eva
Mashtoler, Fima
Mashtoler, Izrail’
Mateeva, Leya
Matlin, Boris
Matlin, Leva
Matlin, Misha
Matusevich, Berta
Matusevich, Galya
Matusevich, Iosif
Matusevich, Moisey
Matusevich, Nehama
Matusevich, Noyma
Matusevich, Ruva
Matusevich, Velya
Maydanik, Hana
Mayzel’, Rahil’
Maze, Meer
Mazina, Eydlya
Mazina, Genya
Mazina, Leya
Mazina, Sara
Mazina, Sima
Mazo, Abram
Mazo, Bella
Mazo, Doba
Mazo, Doda
Mazo, Esfir’
Mazo, Eshke-Rohl
Mazo, Feyga
Mazo, Feyga-Hava
Mazo, Feygl
Mazo, Fira
Mazo, Freydl
Mazo, Gilya
Mazo, Gita
Mazo, Grigoriy
Mazo, Hava
Mazo, Haya
Mazo, Iosif
Mazo, Isaak
Mazo, Keylya
Mazo, Leyba
Mazo, Liba
Mazo, Lilya
Mazo, Liya
Mazo, Maksik
Mazo, Mendl
Mazo, Mera
Mazo, Minya
Mazo, Nisanel’
Mazo, Rahil’
Mazo, Rahil’
Mazo, Rayce
Mazo, Rehoma
Mazo, Risha
Mazo, Sarra
Mazo, Sonya
Mazo, Yakov
Mazo, Yankev-Leyb
Mazo, Zalman
Mazo, Zalman
Mazo, Zeev
Mazo, Zinaida
Mazo, Zyama
Meerovich, Lyubov’
Meerovich, Meer
Meerovich, Revekka
Meerzon, Musya
Meerzon, Zunya
Mendelevich, Aron
Mendelevich, Zinaida
Merkin, Leyb
Merkin, Meer
Merkina, Mira
Merkind, Abram
Merkind, Beylya
Merkind, Moisey
Merzon, David
Merzon, Roza
Metrik, Aron
Metrik, Boris
Metrik, Cilya
Metrik, Leyzer
Metrik, Lilya
Metrik, Meer
Metrik, Mera
Metrik, Sarra
Mihanovskaya, Cilya
Mihanovskiy, Mihail
Mihlina, Klara
Mikina, Cilya
Mil’man, Alta
Mil’man, Dina
Mil’man, Mendl
Mil’man, Mishara
Mil’man, Mota
Mil’man, Samuil
Miller, Fanya
Miller, Tamara
Mindlina, Evgeniya
Mindlina, Lyubov’
Mindlina, Raisa
Minkin, Faytel’
Minkin, Shaya
Minkin, Zhenya
Minkina, Berta
Minkina, Leya
Minkina, Lyubov’
Minkina, Rahil’
Minkina, Riva
Minkov, Berka
Minkov, Boruh*
Minkov, Evsey
Minkov, Girsl
Minkov, Haim
Minkov, Leyb*
Minkov, Morduh
Minkov, Moysha*
Minkov, Naum*
Minkov, Valik*
Minkov, Velik*
Minkova, Freyda
Minkova, Haya
Minkova, Lena
Minkova, Lyuba
Minkova, Rahil’
Minkova, Raisa
Minkova, Raisa
Minkova, Rita
Mirkin, Rusik
Mirkin, Shmerl
Mirkina, Ceciliya
Mirkina, Fruma
Mirkina, Gita
Mirkina, Gnesya
Mirkina, Sima
Mirkind, David
Mishkin, Berl
Mishkin, Leyb
Mishkin, Leyba
Mishkina, Dasha
Mishkina, Ester
Mishkina, Fruma
Mishkina, Haya
Mishkina, Haya
Mishkina, Mera
Molochnik, Icka
Molochnik, Ishiya
Molochnik, Malka
Molochnik, Mendl
Molochnik, Sof’ya
Molochnik, Zlata
Mordas, Inna
Morozovich, Anna
Moshkin, Fayvel’
Moshkina, Nina
Muler, Galya
Muravnik, Greynish
Muravnik, Lyoma
Muravnik, Shepa
Murovanchik, Aron
Myshalov, Boris
Myshalov, Naum
Myshalova, Fira
Myshalova, Lyudmila
Myshalova, Sora
Myshalova, Tat’yana

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Naerman, Ol’ga
Naerman, Sender
Nahamchik, Sara
Nechaeva, Riva
Nefhizova, Anna
Nehamkin, Aron*
Nehamkin, Lev
Nehamkin, Mihail
Nehamkin, Samuil*
Nehamkin, Zalman
Nehamkina, Lyubov’
Neyman, Alta*
Neyman, Bella
Neyman, Boruh
Neyman, Bronya
Neyman, Cilya
Neyman, Gayla
Neyman, Genya
Neyman, Grigoriy
Neyman, Iosif
Neyman, Izik
Neyman, Masha*
Neyman, Oser*
Neyman, Roha*
Neyman, Rohele
Neyman, Sarra*
Neyman, Yankel’
Neyman, Yankel’*
Neyshtadt, Sara
Nisnevich, Aron
Nisnevich, Avrom-Gilya
Nisnevich, Boruh
Nisnevich, Faina
Nisnevich, Gita
Nisnevich, Haya
Nisnevich, Izya
Nisnevich, Manya
Nisnevich, Mendel’
Nisnevich, Polina
Nisnevich, Rashke
Nisnevich, Sof’ya
Nisnevich, Vul’f
Nisnevich, Zahar
Noy, Berta
Noy, Boris
Noy, Fanya
Noy, Girsh
Noy, Rahil’
Noy, Raisa
Noy, Vul’f

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Oder, Iosif
Oder, Malka
Oder, Mihail
Ofshteyn, Emma(?)
Ofshteyn, Marusya(?)
Ogorodnik, Sonya
Okun’, Afroim
Okun’, Galya
Okun’, Riva
Okun’, Roman
Okun’, Sima
Osherovskaya, Cilya
Osherovskaya, Shoshana
Osinovskaya, Alla
Osinovskaya, Esfir’
Osinovskaya, Gnesya
Osinovskaya, Revekka
Osinovskaya, Roza
Osinovskiy, Avrom
Osinovskiy, Boruh
Osinovskiy, Peysha
Osinovskiy, Yudka
Oskar, Rohl
Ostrovenec, Emma
Ostrovskaya, Faina
Ostrovskaya, Klara
Ostrovskaya, Liba
Ostrovskiy, Nahman
Ostrovskiy, Tanhum
Ovidenko, Alik
Ovidenko, Ol’ga
Oyzerman, Dvosya
Oyzerman, Perl
Oyzerman, Simha
Oyzerman, Zalman

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Paid, Mendl*
Palevnik, Hana
Paperna, Alik
Paperna, Girsl
Paperna, Leya
Paperna, Tanya
Paperna, Yonya
Pareckaya, Cipa
Pareckaya, Malka
Pareckaya, Rivka
Pareckaya, Zina
Pareckiy, Efim
Pareckiy, Gidya
Pareckiy, Gilya
Pareckiy, Grigoriy
Pareckiy, Velvl
Passazh, Yanek
Perel’man, Anya
Perel’man, Dora
Perel’man, Gita
Perel’man, Hana
Perel’man, Matvey
Perel’man, Semen
Perel’man, Tane
Perlov, Shepa
Perlova, Tat’yana
Perovickiy, Rahmiel
Pevzner, Bila
Pevzner, Bronya
Pevzner, CHernya
Pevzner, Cilya
Pevzner, Garik
Pevzner, Haya-Roha
Pevzner, Yasha
Peysahovich, Mihail
Peysahovich, Tat’yana
Pinhasik, Abram
Pinhasik, Yudik
Pinsker, Esya
Pinsker, Sholom
Plaksin, Abram
Plaksina, Sonya
Plavnik, Etl
Plavnik, Galya
Plavnik, Gdaliy
Plavnik, Gdalya
Plavnik, Hana
Plavnik, Mulya
Plavnik, Rahil’
Plavnik, Riva
Plavnik, Shlyoma
Plis, Naum
Plotkina, Sonya
Podmaza, Rahil’
Podmaza, Roza
Podmazo, Berka
Podmazo, Gnesya
Podmazo, Gnesya
Podmazo, Isaak
Podmazo, Mendel’
Podmazo, Motl
Podmazo, Vul’f
Podnos, Alta*
Podnos, Broha*
Podnos, David*
Podnos, Dora*
Podnos, Gendl*
Podnos, Hana*
Podnos, Haya*
Podnos, Leyb*
Podnos, Liza*
Podnos, Mendl*
Podnos, Yakov*
Podnosov, Iosif
Podnosov, Iosif*
Podnosova, Aliza*
Podnosova, Sima*
Podnosova, Sima*
Podnosova, Sosya*
Podoksik, Abram
Podoksik, Berl
Podoksik, Berta
Podoksik, Betya
Podoksik, Dveyra
Podoksik, Icha
Podoksik, Iche-Faytl
Podoksik, Mendl
Podoksik, Mota
Podoksik, Moysha
Podoksik, Rihoma
Podoksik, Riva
Podoksik, Rivka-Sulya
Podoksik, Sofa
Podoksik, Tyl’ka
Podoksik, Vul’f
Podoksik, Zelik
Podoksik, Zyama
Podol’nik, Meer
Podol’nik, Riva
Podrabinik, Seel
Polees, Sara*
Polees, Taybl*
Poloyka, Berta
Polyak, Ber
Polyak, Ginda
Polyak, Haim-Ber
Polyak, Lea
Polyak, Rohl
Polyak, Sonya
Polyakov, Iosif
Polyakov, Mendl
Polyakov, Moisey
Polyakov, Morduh
Polyakov, Sema
Polyakova, Anna
Polyakova, Asna
Polyakova, Basya
Polyakova, Dvoyra
Polyakova, El’vira*
Polyakova, Gita
Polyakova, Hava
Polyakova, Haya-Asya
Polyakova, Haya-Leya*
Polyakova, Malka
Polyakova, Manya*
Polyakova, Mera*
Polyakova, Riva
Potashnik, Musya
Potashnikov, David
Potashnikov, Iosif
Potashnikov, Mulya
Potashnikov, Vova
Potashnikova, Leya
Prusak, Rahil’
Pupkin, Boris
Pupkina, Basya
Pustynskaya, Rahil’
Pustynskiy, Ayzik
Pustynskiy, Lyova
Pyatova, Nina
Pyotuh, Zina

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Rabinovich, Berta
Rabinovich, Bila
Rabinovich, Iosif
Rabinovich, Mendl
Rabinovich, Neshke
Rabinovich, Riva
Rabinovich, Solomon
Rabinovich, Zalman
Radashkevich, Basya
Radashkevich, H#ena
Radashkevich, Pesya
Radovich, Anna
Radovich, Roza
Radushkovic, Ar’e
Rappaport, Berta
Rappaport, Eta
Rappaport, Yudl
Rappaport, Zundl
Raskin, Berl
Raskina, Bel’ka*
Raskina, Manya
Raskind, Brayna
Raskind, David*
Raskind, Gita
Raskind, Hana
Raskind, Hava
Raskind, Hevel’
Raskind, Leyzer*
Raskind, Nehama
Raskind, Riva
Raskind, Roha
Raskind, Ruva
Raskind, Sof’ya
Ratner, Esel’*
Ratner, Girsh*
Ratner, Keylya*
Ratner, Moisey*
Ratner, Mosha*
Ratner, Neha
Ratner, Polya*
Ratner, Ras’ka*
Ratner, Rosha*
Ratner, Tanya
Ratnickaya, Sora
Ravikovich, Fira
Rayhel’, (ili
Rayhel’son, Anya*
Rayhel’son, Basya*
Rayhel’son, Gita*
Rayhel’son, Isaak*
Rayhel’son, Mine-Shifra*
Rayhel’son, Minya
Rayhel’son, Raya*
Rayhel’son, Shifra
Rayhel’son, Shmuel’
Rayhel’son, Sof’ya
Rayhel’son, Vladimir
Rayhel’son, Yuliy*
Rayne, Sof’ya
Raynes, Abram*
Raynes, Boris
Raynes, Ester
Raynes, Fanya*
Raynes, Genah
Raynes, Genya
Raynes, Inna
Raynes, Liya*
Raynes, Lyonya
Raynes, Masha
Raynes, Mera*
Raynes, Misha
Raynes, Moisey*
Raynes, Moysha*
Raynes, Polina
Raynes, Roha-Leya*
Raynes, Roza*
Raynes, Solomon
Raynes, Tanya*
Raynes, Tayba
Raynes, Zyama
Raynis, Leyke*
Raynis, Riva
Rayskin, Naum
Rayskin, Zelik
Razin, Borya
Razina, Raisa
Regel’man, Hayka
Regel’man, Ita
Reycman, Esya
Reycman, Grigoriy
Reycman, Mera
Reycman, Zyama
Reynes, Moshe*
Rezikant, Haya
Reznik, Malka
Reznik, Mira*
Reznik, Roza*
Rier, Sonya
Rifshina, Emma
Rigel’man, Ita
Rivkin, Samuil
Rivkin, Yuliy
Rivkind, Anna
Rivkind, David
Rivkind, Haim*
Rivkind, Hana*
Rivkind, Icik*
Rivkind, Masha*
Rivkind, Nehama
Rivkind, Perle
Rivkind, Raya
Rivkind, Reyna*
Rivkind, Reyna-Zelda
Rivkind, Risha
Rivkind, Roza
Rivkind, Semen
Rivkind, Shlyoma*
Rivkind, Shmerl
Rivkind, Simon
Rivkind, Zundl
Rivshin, Hachik
Rivshin, Hachik*
Rivshin, Lazar’*
Rivshin, Leybl
Rivshina, Basheva
Rivshina, Emma
Rivshina, Ginda
Rodov, Izrail’
Rodov, Lyolik
Rodov, Naum
Rodov, Veniamin
Rodova, Faina
Rodova, Leya
Rodova, Lyubov’
Rodova, Sarra
Rogova, Mariya
Rogovaya, Masha
Rogovoy, Naum
Rogovoy, Ruvim
Rohkind, Cipa
Rohlin, Iosif
Rohlina, Brayna
Rol’bin, Abrasha
Rol’bin, Grisha
Rol’bin, Meylah
Rol’bin, Moisey
Rol’bin, Mota
Rol’bin, Naum
Rol’bin, Tolik
Rol’bin, Volodya
Rol’bina, Beylya
Rol’bina, Bunya
Rol’bina, Dina
Rol’bina, Eha
Rol’bina, Enta
Rol’bina, Ester
Rol’bina, Fanya
Rol’bina, Feygl
Rol’bina, Fira
Rol’bina, Genya
Rol’bina, Guta
Rol’bina, Lyuba
Rol’bina, Nehama
Rol’bina, Sarra
Rol’bina, Sonya
Rotenberg, Musya
Rozenbaum, Shmuel’*
Rozenberg, Cipora
Rozenberg, Eduard
Rozenblyum, Alter
Rozenblyum, Alya
Rozenblyum, Boris
Rozenblyum, Cala
Rozenblyum, Cira
Rozenblyum, Dora
Rozenblyum, Fira
Rozenblyum, Hacha
Rozenblyum, Hana
Rozenblyum, Icha
Rozenblyum, Isaak
Rozenblyum, Izrail’
Rozenblyum, Mariya
Rozenblyum, Mendl
Rozenblyum, Mera
Rozenblyum, Mira
Rozenblyum, Moisey
Rozenblyum, Nelya
Rozenblyum, Nesya
Rozenblyum, Nohim
Rozenblyum, Peysha
Rozenblyum, Raisa
Rozenblyum, Senya
Rozenblyum, Sima
Rozenblyum, Sofa
Rozencveyg, Sarra
Rozencveyg, Tusya
Rozental’, Cilya
Rozin, Mema
Rozina, Shifra
Rozner, Hae-Rivke*
Rubin, Moisey
Rubina, H#ena
Rubina, Lesya
Rubina, Liya
Rubinchik, Borya
Rubinchik, Cipe-Sheyne
Rubinchik, Dora
Rubinchik, Dvoyra
Rubinchik, Emmanuil
Rubinchik, Fima
Rubinchik, Fruma
Rubinchik, Gelya
Rubinchik, Genya
Rubinchik, Hasya
Rubinchik, Hava
Rubinchik, Haya
Rubinchik, Isaak
Rubinchik, Kasriel’
Rubinchik, Lina
Rubinchik, Lipa
Rubinchik, Manya
Rubinchik, Mema
Rubinchik, Mera
Rubinchik, Minya
Rubinchik, Moisey
Rubinchik, Movsha
Rubinchik, Pine-Zundl
Rubinchik, Samuil
Rubinchik, Shmuel’
Rubinchik, Sima
Rubinchik, Sonya
Rubinchik, Uzl
Rubinchik, Zalman
Rubinshteyn, Honya
Rubinshteyn, Ida
Rubinshteyn, Raisa
Rubinshteyn, Riva
Rudina, Sarra
Rudnickaya, Anna
Rudnickaya, Elizaveta
Rudnickiy, Izrail’
Rudnickiy, Samuil
Rum, Lazar’
Rusinova, Alla
Rusinova, Ella
Ryklin, Monya
Ryklin, Sasha
Ryklina, Faina
Rys’, Aron
Rys’, Beylya
Rys’, Fayva
Rytov, Haim
Rytov, Haim
Rytova, H’ena
Ryzhikov, Abram
Ryzhikov, Haim
Ryzhikov, Semen
Ryzhikova, Fanya
Ryzhikova, Malka

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Sabshina, Mira
Sabun, Haim
Sabun, Izrail’
Sabun, Perla
Sacunkevich, Larisa
Sagalovich, Hasya
Sagalovich, Icka
Sagalovich, Pesya
Sagalovich, Zalman
Sahray, Abrasha
Sahray, Iche-Farn
Sahray, Il’ya
Sahray, Mota
Samcevich, Evgeniy
Samcevich, Inna
Samcevich, Lenya
Sapozhnikov, Milya
Sapozhnikova, Riva
Segal’, Beniamin
Segal’, Cira
Segal’, Liza
Segal’, Moisey
Segal’, Monus
Segal’, Samuil
Segal’, Yasha
Segel’, Mulya
Semenov, Shura
Semenova, Frida
Senderovich, Gesl
Shabad, Berta
Shabad, Dveyra
Shabad, Moisey
Shabad, Sulya
Shabson, Boma
Shabson, Fima
Shabson, Haya
Shabson, Leonid
Shalak, Fira
Shames, Evsey
Shandalova, Berta
Shapiro, Alter
Shapiro, Benya*
Shapiro, Berl
Shapiro, Bunya
Shapiro, Esfir’
Shapiro, Genya
Shapiro, Ginda
Shapiro, Ginda*
Shapiro, Lev
Shapiro, Leya
Shapiro, Mulya
Shapiro, Rohl
Shapiro, Roza
Shapiro, Sarra*
Shapiro, Shmuel’-Eysef
Shapiro, Shmul’
Shapiro, Simon
Shapiro, Sonya
Shapiro, Yankel’
Sheflyand, Alta
Sheflyand, Golda
Sheflyand, Lev
Sheflyand, Shmerl
Shefter, Izrail’
Shehtman, David
Shehtman, Ester
Shehtman, Lida
Shehtman, Liza
Shelektor, Anna
Shelektor, Yakov
Shenderov, Girsh
Sher, Ayzik
Sher, Mihail
Sher, Musya
Sherman, Aron
Sherman, Dasha
Sherman, H#ena
Sherman, Hana
Sherman, Leva
Sherman, Pesya
Sherman, Polina
Shestkina, Sarra
Sheyneman, Roza
Sheyneman, Zalman
Sheytel’man, Anya
Shiff, Anyuta
Shiff, Daniel’
Shiff, Haim
Shifrin, Abram*
Shifrin, Bencion
Shifrin, Elya
Shifrin, Girsh
Shifrin, Ihiel’
Shifrin, Izrail’
Shifrin, Kopl
Shifrin, Kusel’*
Shifrin, Nison
Shifrin, Zalman
Shifrina, El’ke-Rohl
Shifrina, Faina
Shifrina, Hana*
Shifrina, Hana-Leya
Shifrina, Miriam
Shifrina, Peshe-Leya
Shifrina, Rahil’*
Shifrina, Sima
Shifrina, Sima*
Shifrina, Zelda*
Shifrina, Zina
Shimanovich, H#ena*
Shimanovich, Icik-Mihl*
Shimanovich, Ita-Golda*
Shklovchik, Asya
Shklyanskaya, Mira
Shklyanskiy, Yuda
Shklyar, Boris
Shklyar, Dodya
Shklyar, Zalman
Shklyut, Roza
Shklyut, Sonya
Shkol’nik, Basya*
Shkol’nik, Polya
Shlaus, Boris
Shlenskaya, Fanya
Shlenskaya, Gnesya
Shlenskaya, Rahil’
Shlenskaya, Yulya
Shlenskiy, Iser
Shmit, Roha
Shneerson, Mulya
Shneerson, Nyonik
Shneyvas, Riva
Sholomovich, Cipa
Sholomovich, Girsh
Sholomovich, Gita
Sholomovich, Mulya
Shperling, Genya
Shpunt, Ayzik
Shpunt, Boris
Shpunt, David
Shpunt, Dusya
Shpunt, Grigoriy
Shpunt, Hana
Shpunt, Mariya
Shpunt, Zalman
Shtarkman, Yulik
Shtaynman, Israel’
Shtern, Basya
Shtern, Solomon
Shteyman, Efim
Shteyman, Rahil’
Shteyn, Shifra
Shteyn, Sima
Shtilerman, Boris
Shtilerman, Bronislava
Shtilerman, Raisa
Shtukmaster, Mihlya
Shtukmaster, Ruvn
Shtukmayster, Dina
Shtukmayster, Mendl
Shtukmayster, Sonya
Shtukmayster, Velik
Shub, Aron
Shub, Berl
Shub, Beylya
Shub, El’ka
Shub, Genya
Shub, Hana
Shub, Iser
Shub, Lidiya
Shub, Mendl
Shub, Nison
Shub, Olya
Shub, Roshe
Shub, Tayba
Shub, Zalman
Shub, Zinaida
Shub, Zyama
Shuhman, Golda
Shul’c, Feyga
Shul’c, Haim
Shul’c, Leyba
Shul’c, Mira
Shul’c, Tamara
Shul’kin, Moisey
Shul’man, Cilya
Shul’man, Eel
Shul’man, Etl
Shul’man, Evsey
Shul’man, Hasya
Shul’man, Haya
Shul’man, Iche-Are
Shul’man, Iegoshua
Shul’man, Isaak
Shul’man, Lazar’
Shul’man, Lyuba
Shul’man, Misha
Shul’man, Nema
Shul’man, Nina
Shul’man, Peysha
Shul’man, Samuil
Shul’man, Shifra
Shul’man, Sima
Shul’man, Yakov
Shul’man, Zelik
Shuler, Leya
Shumeyko, Ira
Shumeyko, Raisa
Shumeyko, Valentin
Shur, Nihuma
Shur, Rehoma
Shuster, Berl
Shuster, Kasriel’
Shuster-Slavina, Sof’ya
Shusterman, Naftolya
Shuval’skaya, Gisya
Shuval’skaya, Guta
Shuval’skaya, Haleya
Shuval’skaya, Hana
Shuval’skaya, Ol’ga
Shuval’skiy, Anatoliy
Shuval’skiy, Elya
Shuval’skiy, Meer
Shvarcberg, Hana*
Shvarcberg, Lilya
Shvarcberg, Malka
Simel’gor, Abram*
Simel’gor, Moisey
Simel’gor, Riva
Simhovich, Cipa
Simhovich, Noik
Simkina, Polya
Simkina, Sonya
Simkovskaya, Elya
Simkovskaya, Tanya
Simkovskaya, Zina
Simkovskiy, Fima
Simonovich, Lev
Simonovich, Mariya
Simonovich, Zyama
Sirotkin, Aleksandr
Sirotkina, Faina
Sirotkina, Zysya
Skalin, Samuil
Skalina, Frida
Slavin, Haim*
Slavina, Basya*
Slavina, Haya*
Slavina, Slava*
Slobodkina, Sara
Slobodskaya, Ida
Slouw, Sholom
Smancer, Vera
Smilkina, Alla
Smilovickaya, Rasya
Smilovickiy, Morduh
Smorodinskaya, Alta
Smorodinskaya, Busya
Smorodinskaya, Riva
Smorodinskiy, Abram
Smorodinskiy, Mark
Sofin, Fayva
Sofin, Iosif
Sofin, Meer
Sofina, Hasya
Sofina, Haya
Sofina, Lyuba
Sofina, Sof’ya
Sohor, Zysya
Solodovnik, Sonya
Solovey, Boma
Solovey, Bronya
Solovey, Haim-Dovid
Solovey, Haya-Dynya
Solovey, Keylya
Solovey, Mulik
Soloveychik, Doba
Soloveychik, Moshe
Soloveychik, Senya
Soloveychik, Tamara
Soloveychik, Zisel’
Sonina, Fanya
Sorkina, Asya
Sorsher, Gershun
Sorsher, Minya
Sosina, Guta
Sosina, Polya
Soskin, Zyama
Soskina, Liba
Soskind, Boris
Soskind, Lazar’
Spivak, Hackel’
Spivak, Polya
Starobinec, Ira
Starobinec, Lena
Starobinec, Pesha
Starobinec, Syoma
Starobinec, Zyama
Starozhilec, Anna
Starozhilec, Galina
Starozhilec, Hana
Sterina, Menuha
Sterina, Reyzl-Feyge
Stonik, Abram
Stonik, Fruma
Stonik, Sonya
Strel’cin, Iser
Stremblovskaya, Fruma
Stremblovskaya, Manya
Stremblovskaya, Peshe
Stremblovskaya, Rahil’
Stremblovskaya, Tayba
Stremblovskaya, Yudes
Stremblovskiy, Maks
Stremblovskiy, Seel
Stremblovskiy, Vilya
Stremblovskiy, Yakov
Strongin, Berka
Strongin, Lev
Strongin, Maks
Strongin, Moisey
Strongin, Movsha
Strongin, Seel
Strongin, Vul’f
Strongin, Yakov
Strongina, Basya
Strongina, Bela
Strongina, Dveyra
Strongina, Esfir’
Strongina, Fanya
Strongina, Feygl*
Strongina, Hana
Strongina, Haya
Strongina, Leya
Strongina, Liba
Strongina, Olya
Strugach, Gita
Strugach, Grisha
Strugach, Icha
Suckever, Cipa
Suckever, Leyb
Suckever, Naum
Suckever, Roza
Suckever, Samuil
Suckever, Sarra
Suckever, Velvl
Suckover, Vol’f
Sukenik, Miriam
Sukenik, Yosef
Suknoval’nik, Haya
Supin, Shaya
Supina, Lyuba
Supina, Pesya
Sverdlov, Elya*
Sverdlov, Esel’*
Sverdlova, Manya
Sverdlova, Nehama
Svetnikov, Yankel’
Svetnikova, Bela
Svetnikova, Bela
Svetnikova, Ginda
Svetnikova, Lesya
Svetnikova, Sonya
Svetnikova, Soshe-Lee
Svidel’, Abram
Svidel’, Anna
Svidel’, Asna
Svidel’, Haya
Svidel’, Pesya
Svidel’, Sima
Svidel’, Sof’ya
Svidler, Boris
Svidler, Doba
Svidler, Roza

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Tabachnik, Emil’
Tamarkina, Ida
Tanhilevich, Ceciliya
Tanhilevich, Honya
Tannenbaum, Morduh
Tatarskaya, Anna
Tavger, Basya
Tavger, Basya*
Tavger, David
Tavger, Haim
Tavger, Misha*
Tavger, Nohim
Tavger, Relya*
Tavger, Risya
Tavger, Yasha*
Tayc, Basya*
Tayc, Haya
Tayc, Klava
Tayc, Yudif*
Teplic, Mulya
Tevelevich, Beynes
Tevelevich, Isaak
Tevelevich, Liba
Teyshova, Mayya
Trahtenberg, Samuil
Trit, Henya
Tureckiy, Efim
Tylin, Moisey
Tylina, Esfir’

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Umanskaya, Malka
Umanskiy, Leyma
Umanskiy, Pinya
Usvickaya, Lyubov’
Usvickiy, Semen
Usyshkina, Grunya

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Vayler, Yona
Vaynrub, Grigoriy
Vaynshteyn, Fira
Vaynshteyn, Nehama
Vaynshteyn, Yasha
Vecherebina, Frida
Velkes, Fanya
Vernov, David
Vernova, Eva
Vernova, Faina
Vernova, Hava
Vernova, Riva
Veycman, Dov
Veycman, Mina
Veynov, Morduh
Vigdorchik, Mendl
Vigdorchik, Riva
Vil’kina, Anna
Vil’kina, Olya
Vil’komirskiy, Moshe**
Vilenkina, Cilya
Vishnev, Gdaliy
Vishnev, Gilya
Vishnev, Leyzer
Vishnev, Mendl
Vishnev, Sane
Vishneva, Eva*
Vishneva, Liza
Vishneva, Riva
Vishneva, Sarra
Vol’man, Eshka
Vol’man, Grisha
Vol’man, Moysha
Vol’man, Riva
Vol’man, Simon
Vol’shteyn, Fira
Vol’shteyn, Leya
Vol’shteyn, Leyba
Vol’shteyn, Riva
Vol’shteyn, Sonya
Vol’shteyn, Srol’
Volk, David
Volk, Haya
Volk, Mark
Volk, Meri
Volk, Mihael’
Volk, Yudit
Vul’fson, Faina
Vygodskaya, Sheyna
Vymenec, Avraam
Vymenec, Kalman
Vymenec, Nison

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Yakobson, Enta
Yakobson, Isaak
Yakobson, Mar’yasya
Yakobson, Naum
Yakobson, Sara
Yakobson, Sonya
Yalovickaya, Reyzl
Yankelevich, Lyuba
Yankelevich, Shlema
Yarosh, Lyuba
Yarosh, Zhenya
Yohel’zon, Falek
Yohel’zon, Gitl
Yudasina, Bel’ka
Yudina, Asya
Yudovin, Maks
Yudovina, El’ka-Sora
Yudovina, Zysya
Yunger, Solomon
Yuzovickaya, Rasya
Yuzovickaya, Sheyna

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T U V Y Z

Zagal’skaya, Klara
Zak, Girsh
Zak, Gisya
Zak, Hava*
Zak, Isaak*
Zak, Lazar’*
Zalmanzon, Abram
Zalmanzon, Anna
Zalmanzon, Il’ya
Zalmanzon, Misha
Zareckiy, Genrih
Zarhin, Lazar’
Zarhin, Moyshe-Ruvn*
Zarhina, Beylya
Zarhina, Dora
Zarhina, El’ka
Zarhina, Ester*
Zarhina, Feyga
Zarhina, Ginda
Zarhina, Hana*
Zarhina, Hane-Beyle*
Zarhina, Sonya
Zartayskaya, Etya
Zartayskaya, Genya
Zartayskaya, Roza
Zartayskaya, Zina
Zartayskiy, Genya
Zartayskiy, Gilya
Zartayskiy, Isaak
Zartayskiy, Mihail
Zartayskiy, Roma
Zaskind, Honya
Zavodnik, Hana
Zavodnik, Iosif
Zavodnik, Yakov
Zavodnik, Yuliy
Zavol’ner, Dvosya*
Zavol’ner, Girsh*
Zavol’ner, Sima*
Zel’cer, Galya
Zel’cer, Leyzer
Zel’dina, Tamara
Zel’dovich, Gaylya
Zel’dovich, Leyzer
Zel’kind, Bella
Zel’kind, Etl-Mihlya*
Zel’kind, Mulya
Zel’kind, Nehama
Zel’kind, Nohim*
Zelikman, Alta
Zelikman, Haim-Ber
Zemcov, Mendl
Zemcova, Roza
Zernickaya, Berta
Zernickaya, Dveyra
Zernickiy, Anatoliy
Zhidmina, Evgeniya
Zhidmina, Lyubov’
Zhidmina, Manya
Zhidmina, Raisa
Zhivchik, Hackel’
Zhuhovickaya, Etl
Zil’ber, Zusik
Zil’berglyayd, Eydlya
Zil’berglyayd, Malka
Zil’berglyayd, Riva
Zil’berglyayt, Alter
Zil’berglyayt, Haya
Zil’berman, Abram
Zil’berman, Hana
Ziser, Gitl
Ziser, Mema
Ziskind, Ester
Ziskind, Fanya
Zisman, Movsha*
Zlatkin, Boris
Zlatkin, David
Zlatkin, Fima
Zlatkin, Leyb
Zlatkin, Roman
Zlatkin, Semen
Zlatkina, Berta
Zlatkina, Dynya
Zlatkina, Raya
Zlatkina, Sonya
Zlotnik, Evgeniya
Zolotovickaya, Fanya
Zolotovickaya, Fruma
Zolotovickaya, Itka
Zolotovickaya, Yoha
Zolotovickaya, Zina
Zolotovickiy, Yankel’
Zolotovickiy, Zelik
Zolotovickiy, Zisl
Zubackaya, Liza
Zundelevich, Debora